Essential Forensic Biology

Essential Forensic Biology

20,22€ 40,45€
Iva incluído à taxa legal (6%)
ISBN: 9780470758038
Ano: 2009

Overview

This book is an introduction to the application of biology in legal investigations. Fully revised and updated throughout, the second edition of this highly successful textbook offers an acce...

This book is an introduction to the application of biology in legal investigations. Fully revised and updated throughout, the second edition of this highly successful textbook offers an accessible overview to the essentials of the subject providing a balanced coverage of the range of organisms used as evidence in forensic investigation invertebrates, vertebrates, plants and microbes.


The book provides an overview of the decay process and discusses the role of forensic indicators , human fluids and tissues, including blood cells, bloodstain pattern analysis, hair, teeth, bones, and wounds. It also examines the study of forensic biology in cases of suspicious death.


The coverage of molecular techniques has been expanded throughout with additional material on bioterrorism and wildlife forensics now included. The use of DNA and RNA for the identification of individuals and their personal characteristics is now covered along with a discussion of the ethical issues associated with the maintenance of DNA databases.


Fully revised and updated new edition of this highly successful textbook.

Includes self-assessment questions at the end of each chapter and case studies.

Now in full colour throughout.



Table of Contents


Contents

Acknowledgements

Introduction


PART A: HUMAN REMAINS: DECAY, DNA, TISSUES AND FLUIDS


Chapter One: The decay, discovery and recovery of human bodies


    The dead body

    The stages of decomposition

    Factors affecting the speed of decay

    Discovery and recovery of human remains

    Determining the age and provenance of skeletonized remains

    Future developments


        Chapter Two: Body fluids and waste products

            Blood cells and blood typing

            Methods for detecting blood

            Confirming the presence of blood

            Bloodstain pattern analysis

            Artificial blood

            Post mortem toxicological analysis of blood

            Saliva and semen

            Vitreous humor

            Faeces and urine as forensic indicators

            Future directions


                Chapter Three: Molecular biology

                    The structure of DNA

                    DNA sampling

                    DNA profiling

                    Polymerase chain reaction

                    Short tandem repeat markers

                    Single nucleotide polymorphism markers

                    Determination of ethnicity

                    Determination of physical appearance

                    Determination of personality traits

                    Mobile element insertion polymorphisms

                    Mitochondrial DNA

                    RNA

                    DNA databases

                    Future developments


                        Chapter Four: Human tissues

                            The outer body surface

                            Hair

                            Bones

                            Teeth

                            Future developments


                                Chapter Five: Wounds

                                    Definitions

                                    Blunt force injuries

                                    Sharp force traumas

                                    Bone damage

                                    Additional aspects of wound interpretation

                                    Asphyxia

                                    Pathology associated with drug use

                                    Gunshot wounds

                                    Bite marks

                                    Burns and scalds

                                    Ageing of wounds

                                    Post mortem injuries

                                    Future developments


                                        PART B: INVERTEBRATES AND VERTEBRATES


                                        Chapter Six: Invertebrates 1: biological aspects

                                            An introduction to invertebrate biology

                                            Invertebrates as forensic indicators in cases of murder or suspicious death

                                            Invertebrates as a cause of death

                                            Invertebrates as forensic indicators in cases of neglect and animal welfare

                                            The role of invertebrates in food spoilage and hygiene litigation

                                            The illegal trade in invertebrates

                                            Invertebrate identification techniques

                                            Future directions


                                                Chapter Seven: Invertebrates 2: practical aspects

                                                    Calculating the PMI/time since infestation from invertebrate development rates

                                                    Complicating factors affecting earliest oviposition date calculations

                                                    Determination of the PMI using invertebrate species composition

                                                    Determination of the PMI using ectoparasites

                                                    Determination of movement from invertebrate evidence

                                                    Invertebrate evidence in cases of wound myiasis and neglect

                                                    Detection of drugs, toxins and other chemicals in invertebrates

                                                    Obtaining human/vertebrate DNA evidence from invertebrates

                                                    Determining the source and duration of invertebrate infestations of food products

                                                    Collecting invertebrates for forensic analysis

                                                    Killing and preserving techniques for invertebrates

                                                    Future directions


                                                        Chapter Eight: Vertebrates

                                                            Introduction

                                                            Vertebrate scavenging of human corpses

                                                            Vertebrates causing death and injury

                                                            Neglect and abuse of vertebrates

                                                            Vertebrates and drugs

                                                            Vertebrates and food hygiene

                                                            Illegal trade and killing of protected species of vertebrates

                                                            Identification of vertebrates

                                                            Future directions


                                                                PART C: PROTISTS, FUNGI, PLANTS AND MICROBES


                                                                Chapter Nine: Protists, fungi and plants

                                                                    Introduction

                                                                    Protists

                                                                    Fungi

                                                                    Plants

                                                                    Plant secondary metabolites as sources of drugs and poisons

                                                                    Illegal trade in protected plant species

                                                                    Future directions


                                                                        Chapter Ten: Bacteria and viruses

                                                                            Introduction

                                                                            The role of microorganisms in the decomposition process

                                                                            Microbial profiles as identification tools

                                                                            Microbial infections and human behaviour

                                                                            Microbial infections that can be mistaken for signs of criminal activity

                                                                            The use of microorganisms in bioterrorism

                                                                            Future directions

                                                                            References

                                                                            Index

 Includes a supplementary website (www.wileyeurope.com/college/gunn) covering additional material and self-test questions to reinforce student understanding.